Is it true, that eating too much sugar will not give you diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a set of diseases in which the body has a difficult time regulating the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. In a person without diabetes, glucose levels are regulated by the hormone called insulin. This allows glucose to move from the blood into liver, muscle, and fat cells, where it is used for fuel. In someone with type I diabetes, the body either stops producing insulin or produces too little to control glucose levels. Someone that has type II diabetes, the body produces insulin but is unable to effectively use it to control blood sugar levels.

Type I diabetes typically occurs in childhood or adolescence. Type II diabetes generally occurs in adults over the age of 45 years. Being overweight can certainly contribute to an increased risk of type II diabetes. So, to address your question, eating too much sugar may not directly cause diabetes, but certainly a poor diet may lead to obesity and other risk factors, which may increase risk for the disease. In both type I and II diabetes, proper diet is essential to disease management. I encourage people to reduce the amount of simple carbohydrates they consume (table sugar, cookies, candy, cake, ice cream, soda) and increase the amount of complex carbohydrates consumed (whole wheat bread, pasta, brown rice, whole grain cereal). I would suggest that those with diabetes (and even those wanting to prevent type II diabetes) not skip meals and make sure they are choosing from a variety of foods. Include lean protein sources (poultry, fish, soy, egg whites, low-fat dairy) and increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in their diet.

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